Continuing Medical Education, Medical News, Medical and Health Jobs, Hospital Jobs, Internship in Nigeria, Government and N.G.O Jobs, Private Practitioners, All Medical and Health Workers in Nigeria and Diaspora e.t.c

Adverts

Ads

Newsletter

Wednesday, June 27, 2018

Measurement and Clinical Evaluation of Arterial Blood Pressure By Alexander Entonu

Objectives

At the end of this presentation we should be able to:
Accurately assess a client`s blood pressure using the right clinical technique and equipment
Interpret blood pressure reading in relation to factors affecting blood pressure like age, sex, medical condition, diurnal variation, exercise, stress, race, obesity, temperature etc.

Introduction

The importance of the accuracy of blood pressure assessment cannot be overemphasized. Many clinical Judgements about a client`s health are made based on blood pressure. It is an important indicator of the client`s condition and is used extensively as a basis for intervention.

Glossary

Arterial Blood pressure: a measure of the force exerted by the blood as it flows through the arteries.
Systolic pressure: is the pressure of the blood as a result of the contraction of the ventricles.
Diastolic pressure: is the pressure when the ventricles are at rest.
Pulse Pressure: is the difference between the systolic and diastolic pressures 


Hypertension: blood pressure that is persistently above normal
White coat Hypertension: is an elevation in blood pressure due to mild anxiety associated with the health care provider`s presence.
Hypotension: is blood pressure that is below normal 
Orthostatic/Postural hypotension: is blood pressure that falls when the client sits or stand from a lying position. 

Korotkoff`s sound: the series of sounds identified when auscultating the arteries during blood pressure measurement.
Auscultatory gap: is the temporal disappearance of  sounds normally heard over the brachial artery when the cuff pressure is high followed by the reappearance of the sound at a lower level. This is particular of hypertensive client.

Determinants of Blood Pressure 
Arterial blood pressure is the result of several factors. Some includes:
The pumping action of the heart
Peripheral vascular resistance
Blood volume 
Blood viscosity


Factors affecting Blood pressure
Age
Exercise
Stress
Race 
Sex
Medication (e.g vasodilators, caffeine etc)
Obesity
Diurnal variation
Medical condition (severe burns, haemorrhage, dehydration, tumours, head injury)
Temperature

Assessing Blood Pressure

Requirement:
Blood pressure cuff (an appropriate size)
Sphygmomanometer
Stethoscope
Blood Pressure Assessment Site:
The client`s upper arm (either left or right)
The client`s thigh (either left or right)




Methods 
Direct invasive monitoring 
Non-invasive indirect method
Auscultatory method               
Palpatory method




QUICK WAY OF ASSESSING SYSTOLIC BP IN A CHILD

Normal Systolic BP= 80 + ( 2 × child`s age in years) 


Interpreting blood pressure reading


              
Common Errors in assessing Blood Pressure


This article was written by Nurse Alexander Entonu of Hope Haven Hospital, Jos Nigeria.


No comments:

Post a Comment

Get Your CV-Rewrite and FREE Cover Letter Services from MedicalNigeria! WhatsApp/SMS/Call 07038844295

We love sharing our articles! Please share our posts using the social media buttons.



Copyright: Written permissions are needed before contents in MedicalNigeria.com may be used. Powered by Blogger.